Tag Archives: children

Osteoporosis in childhood

It is well known that bones tend to become brittle with ageing. Less well-known is that children also suffer from fractures resulting from little or no force to provoke the injury. The cause in some children is

How to increase heights in short populations such as the Philippines

Interactions between nutrition and various infections in developing countries are complex and analyses of the inter-relationships requires data from longitudinal studies spanning several years and a comprehensive framework facilitating the formulation of food and health policies. There

Training African health practitioners within Africa; expanding the skills pool

The African Paediatric Fellowship Programme (APFP) was established by the University of Cape Town (UCT) and the Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital (RCWMCH) in 2007. The aim of the APFP is to create a network of

What predicts clinician dropout of a state-sponsored training program on best practices for improving children’s mental health?

In the U.S. , 1 in 5 children currently have or will have a serious mental disorder. State mental health systems care for many of these youth and are increasingly looking for ways to both improve the

Diagnosis of concussion in children

Children frequently injure their heads during play and sport, which often leads to visits to the Emergency Department (ED) to be checked by a doctor. Concussion is a type of brain injury, which requires an accurate and

Are children, adults and elderly women in Greece meeting dietary intake recommendations?

Ensuring adequate nutrient intakes is vital not just for preventing deficiencies, but also for optimizing health and wellbeing in all life stages. Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity and the overconsumption of calories, still inadequate

Risk modifier(s) of susceptibility to pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is an acute form of cancer of the white blood cells, characterized by the overproduction and accumulation of immature precursors known as lymphoblasts. ALL is the most common type of leukemia in children

Removal of small tonsils helps children with obstructive sleep apnea

Approximately 2% to 4% of children are affected by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition that can result in decreased memory, bad grades and behavioral problems in school when it is not treated. Large tonsils and adenoids

Early family regularity protects against later disruptive behavior

Children’s temperamental anger or frustration reactions, defined as negative affect in reaction to interruption of ongoing tasks or blocking the child’s goal, are already observable in the first 2 to 3 months of life, and may decline

Adenovirus infection in children with bronchiolitis or recurrent wheezing

Adenovirus (AdV) and other viruses as Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Meta-pneumovirus (MPV), Rhinovirus (RV) and Para-influenza Virus (PIV) have been detected in the respiratory tract of children with acute bronchiolitis and recurrent wheezing. Adenovirus (AdV) is an

Markers that predict treatment response to inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma

Asthma is a common chronic condition caused by inflammation in the tubes that pass air in and out of the lungs.  When asthma is poorly controlled, children cannot breathe normally, cannot play and exercise, and may have

Parenting and social competence in school: the role of preadolescents’ personality

This study of 230 preadolescent students (mean age 11.3 years) from the wider area of Athens, Greece, examined the role of personality in the relation between parenting dimensions and social competence in school. Social competence was defined

Time-saving and life-saving impact of a dedicated childbirth operating room in hospitals in Ghana

Despite global efforts to improve medical care in Sub-Saharan Africa, childbirth remains one of the most dangerous experiences that women and their babies can face. Delays in receiving appropriate emergency care during the crucial moments of childbirth

Life profiles of suicide attempters in Northern Ireland: essential implications for suicide prevention

Suicide prevention researchers are particularly interested in elucidating factors that distinguish those who develop a desire to die by suicide from those who have developed both the desire and possess the capacity to attempt suicide. In the

How to lower a risk of being bitten to the face by a dog

Dogs are the most popular pets. They are used for guarding, hunting, and many other purposes. Additionally, dogs are ideal human companions. However, the mutually beneficial relationships between people and dogs are sometimes overshadowed by bites. Among

Spinal tumors in children: a rare disease

Tumors of the Central Nervous System (CNS) are one of the first causes of morbidity and mortality in children in developed countries. Among them, spinal tumors are estimated to account for less than 10% of the cases,

Forewarned is forearmed: Protect your children from surprising hot weather injuries this summer

It is known that hot weather adversely affects health and raises mortality rates. This has been reported globally by the World Health Organisation, and locally in Australia.  In addition to death, adverse effects of health that have

Eye movements: a window to the brain of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

In this paper we examined the accuracy and characteristics of eye movements in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and compared these to healthy, typically developing children. FASD may occur when a mother drinks alcohol during

The origins of dialog: mothers in 11 countries respond contingently to their babies’ vocalizations

Mothers’ speech to babies is known to promote their language skills and stimulate brain development. Mother-baby speech has been studied a lot in the United States, but less is known about mother-baby speech in other countries. This

Birth weight is not solely determined by genetic code

It is believed that genetic information carried by our DNA determines our metabolism and how we look. This is especially true for identical twins. The incidence of identical twins is around one in every 200 deliveries. Although