What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Sustainable solutions: Tamarind Seed Kernel powder (TKP) adhesive as a green alternative for lignocellulosic composites

The majority of petroleum-based adhesives applied in the wood industry today, particularly formaldehyde-based adhesives. Their application trend is increasing due to their wide availability, superior bonding, durability, and resistance to heat and moisture. However, formaldehyde-based adhesives continuously

Fatigue assessment strategy using Bayesian techniques

AoS. Fatigue assessment strategy using Bayesian techniques

The fulfilment of the probabilistic fatigue characterization of materials based on the S-N field requires the definition of the statistical distribution of the percentile curves of the failure probability, interpreted as a simplification, by their confidence bands.

Starch fatty acid esters – versatile bio-based thermoplastics

The biopolymer starch is well-known in the kitchen for baking, cooking, and as a component of flour and is available in large quantities. This makes starch interesting as sustainable resource to convert it into biodegradable products to

From complexity to simplicity via microbial division of labor inspired by Nature

AoS. From complexity to simplicity via microbial division of labor inspired by Nature

If someone were to put Nature under a microscope, it would become obvious that microbes are present in all environments on our planet. Microbes are often forced to interact within proximity and share resources as an important

Am I at risk of developing diabetes if exposed to insecticide?

AoS. Am I at risk of developing diabetes if exposed to insecticide?

The answer is: it depends. Of course, there is no trivial answer to an open question like that when referring to scientific investigation. But we can make you think better before exposure to certain pesticides like malathion.

Murburn concept explains why oxygen is acutely needed to sustain life

Murburn concept (from “mured burning”, signifying a restricted uncontrolled oxidative process) provides a tangible rationale why oxygen is so quintessential for immediate maintenance of life-order. It postulates that oxygen-centered diffusible reactive species (DRS, like superoxide radical) are

Mortality risk among cocaine users after and before economic recession

AoS. Mortality Risk Among Cocaine Users after and before economic recession

This study targeted residents in northern Italy who turned to a public treatment centre for primary cocaine use between 1982 and 2016. Its aims were to estimate mortality risk, and to examine mortality for subjects who have

Molecular classification of glioma stem cells

Comprehensive genetic analysis of glioblastomas by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) has proposed a new classification based on genetic abnormalities. The characteristic genetic abnormalities identified in the TCGA are promising candidates for novel molecularly targeted therapies, and

BioID screen for bacterial virulence proteins: new tools for infectious disease research

AoS. BioID screen for bacterial virulence proteins

The discovery of penicillin in the 1920s revolutionized our ability to treat bacterial infection. However despite the introduction of antibiotics, infectious bacterial pathogens remain an immense challenge for the healthcare community. The incidence of infection by antibiotic-resistant

Layer-dependent fast electron transfer at the Zn-phthalocyanine-few-layer graphene interface: theory explains

AoS. Layer-Dependent Fast Electron Transfer at the Zn-phthalocyanine-few-layer graphene Interface

The photo-induced effective interfacial charge separation in Zn phthalocyanine/few-layer graphene heterojunctions has been a promising observation for fabrication of efficient energy-conversion devices. Few-layer graphene are two-dimensional (2D) systems composed of one-atom-thick honeycomb layers of sp2 -hybridized carbon

Emerald Ash Borer attacks trees revealing early chemical clues

AoS. Emerald Ash Borer attacks trees revealing early chemical clues

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis, is a major global forest pest (a buprestid beetle) that has decimated ash trees (Fraxinus species) throughout Europe and Asia. Since this nonnative invasive insect was introduced into the U.S.

Your pharmacist will see you now!

Atlas of Science. Your Pharmacist Will See You Now

Public perception of pharmacists might be limited to dispensing medications. However, pharmacists are trained to deliver patient care to help patients improve their health-related outcomes and achieve their goals. Recognizing the expertise of pharmacists, the State of

A mixture of plant extracts attenuates postprandial glycemia

AoS. A mixture of plant extracts attenuates postprandial glycemia

The epidemiological studies demonstrate beneficial effects of a regular consumption of fruits, vegetables or grains on human health, which is usually a result of their lower caloric value and dietary fiber and specific bioactive compounds present in

No adverse outcomes for infants associated with mums booster of whooping cough vaccine

What is whooping cough, or pertussis? Whooping cough, or pertussis, is a highly contagious bacterial respiratory infection that can be very serious for young infants. Symptoms include violent coughing fits which can last for weeks and make

New 90-million-year-old fossil turtle discovered living alongside dinosaurs in the Zuni Basin, NM

AoS. New 90-million-year-old fossil turtle discovered living alongside dinosaurs in the Zuni Basin, NM

A new fossil species of Cretaceous baenid (extinct turtle) was recently discovered from the Moreno Hill Formation in the Zuni Basin of western New Mexico. The new species, known as Edowa zuniensis (Fig. 1), is the first

Edible coating for enhancing the shelf life of horticulture products

AoS. Edible coating for enhancing the shelf life of horticulture products

Preserving food, especially horticulture products, is one of the most difficult farm work. The global community has highlighted this problem and set a target of halving per-capita food waste by 2030. Post-harvest losses are one of the

Optimal optoelectronic properties of MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals heterostructures

AoS. Optimal optoelectronic properties of MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals heterostructures

With the development of next generation semiconductor photoelectric devices towards miniaturization, high performance and high integration, traditional bulk materials are facing enormous challenges. The discovery of graphene has opened the door to the research and application in

Can tremor, depression and progression of the Parkinson’s disease be suppressed simultaneously?

AoS. Can tremor, depression and progression of the Parkinson’s disease be suppressed simultaneously?

The short answer to this question is YES! Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common age-related and progressive neurodegenerative disorder following Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is associated with motor deficits such as loss of ability to

Campylobacter antimicrobial resistance in dogs and humans

Campylobacteriosis has been the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe since 2005, and the annual number of notified   campylobacteriosis   cases   has   increased in   many   European countries in recent years. The species most associated with

Turbulent flow simulation using a parallel discontinuous method

AoS. Turbulent flow simulation using a parallel discontinuous method

Turbulent flow is omnipresent in everyday life. When one flies in an aircraft or drives a car, the flow around the vehicle is mostly turbulent. Understanding turbulence has practical importance not only in improving passenger comfort and