What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Gas types affect stability of microbubbles and ultrasound mediated brain-targeted drug delivery

AoS. Gas types affect stability of microbubbles and ultrasound mediated brain-targeted drug delivery

Ultrasound (US) is used for clinical diagnosis and therapy. Microbubbles (MBs) as US-contrast agents are applied to detect micro blood flow or specific lesions. Recently, the combination of MBs and US has received much attention for drug

Feedback between organisms and the environment shape biodiversity

AoS. Feedback between organisms and the environment shape biodiversity

How does the environment shape biodiversity? This is a central question for both the scientific understanding of ecosystems and for practical initiatives in sustainability. Previous work has shown that a heterogeneous environment promotes diversity. For example, variation

Maternal intake of resveratrol can help piglets resist early weaning stress

AoS.Maternal intake of resveratrol can help piglets resist early weaning stress

Under commercial conditions, early weaning in pigs involves abrupt separation from sows, resulting in a sudden move to a new environment at a much younger age than would occur in natural conditions. Weaning is a critical period

Bacillus coagulans Unique IS-2 helps ease symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the digestive system. It is a mixture of abdominal pain and altered bowel frequency either constipation, diarrhoea or both (mixed). There is also an alteration in stool

The epibiome of endangered corals reflects their genotype

AoS. The epibiome of endangered corals reflects their genotype

If you have vaguely followed the recent news on climate change, you have probably heard about the worldwide decline of coral reefs. Coral reefs are the backbone of important ecosystems across the globe, as they host ~1/4

RNA signature in brain lesions of damage or repair in Multiple Sclerosis and the MS-Atlas

AoS. RNA signature in brain lesions of damage or repair in Multiple Sclerosis and the MS-Atlas

We explored mechanistic signatures of different lesion types in the brain of patients with progressive MS: normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), active, chronic active (slowly expanding), inactive and repairing (remyelinating) lesions compared to control brain white matter areas.

Bundt-pan antenna can concentrate optical infrared energy onto nano-sized detectors

AoS. Bundt-pan antenna can concentrate optical infrared energy onto nano-sized detectors

Optical infrared detection devices are becoming smaller in size with tiny active areas in the range of a few micrometers or even nanometers, such as photodetectors, solar cells, cameras, and microbolometers. Such miniature size gives several advantages

Hidden geometry of human connectomes: a key to higher-order brain functional differences

AoS. Hidden Geometry of Human Connectomes: a key to higher-order Brain functional differences

With its complex circuits, the brain enables the entire human activity, psychology, and behaviour. Its evolutionary adaptation evolved towards a complex structure that supports its functional features. Studies have shown that information processing relies on mechanisms of

Ultra-wideband absorption based on wavelength-insensitive phase matching

AoS. Ultra-wideband absorption based on wavelength-insensitive phase matching

Due to high carrier mobility, the graphene has attracted enormous interests in developing high-speed photodetectors. In this study, for practical high-performance photodetectors, we focus on the remarkable enlargement of absorption bandwidth in the graphene perfect absorbers based

Addressing the Ethnic Disparity in SAT scores

AoS. Addressing the Ethnic Disparity in SAT scores

For high-school students, the SAT is one of the most, if not the most, important assessments of academic achievement. Nevertheless, the SAT is shrouded in controversy, including a persistent and substantial ethnic disparity in SAT scores for

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: fighting mutants

Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria causing an infection survive after being exposed to a drug that, under normal conditions, would kill it or inhibit its growth. As a result, this surviving strains multiply and spread due to

Intestinal inflammation mediated by silver nanoparticles is prevented by dietary flavonoids

AoS. Intestinal inflammation mediated by silver nanoparticles is prevented by dietary flavonoids

The interest in silver nanoparticles (AgNP) has been growing exponentially around the world, due to their unique physical, chemical and biological properties, as evidenced by their wide application in numerous products of our daily lives. In fact,

The complex regulation and functional significance of size diversity in social bees

AoS. The complex regulation and functional significance of size diversity in social bees

Across animals, variation in body size is often influenced by environmental conditions and is considered to have adaptive value. In bees, in which many species show various degrees of sociality, body size may also be associated with

Orexin-A regulates dopamine D2 receptor in the mesolimbic circuit

AoS. Orexin-A regulates dopamine D2 receptor in the mesolimbic circuit

Orexin-A (orx-A) is a neuropeptide expressed exclusively in hypothalamic neurons. Orx-A acts through the activation of type-1 (Orx1R) and -2 (Orx2R) receptors present in the mesolimbic circuit and in other brain areas. These neuropeptides have been implicated

L-Mesitran Medical Grade Honey works better for treating cold sores than conventional treatments

AoS. L-Mesitran Medical Grade Honey works better for treating cold sores than conventional treatments

In a recent clinical study, it was shown that L-Mesitran improves the healing time of cold sores in relation to conventional treatments. In addition, pain and itching were decreased. Cold sores are blisters around the nose and

Magnetic chitosan hydrogel: a good choice for hyperthermia application

AoS. Magnetic chitosan hydrogel

Hydrogels as three-dimensional polymeric networks have been of longstanding interest due to their biocompatibility, hydrophilic nature, desired functionality, high elasticity, and superb capacities for retaining large amount of water and other biological fluids. According to the unprecedented

2-in-1: A new strategy against Parkinson´s Disease

AoS. 2-in-1: A new strategy against Parkinson´s Disease

Parkinson´s disease is a neurological disorder, which affects around 6 mio people worldwide, a number being expected to double within the next 20 years. It is characterized by a progressive loss of neuronal cells in the brain

The Neuromuscular Junction: a core interpreter in the nerve-muscle dialog

AoS. The Neuromuscular Junction

Muscle and nerve communicate at the level of a specialized region, namely the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), a synaptic connection where the peripheral nervous system contacts skeletal muscle fibers, governing crucial vital processes, such as body voluntary movements

Can RNA therapeutics help spinal cord injury treatments?

In the central nervous system (CNS) nerve regeneration is severely hampered making recovery from lesions such as spinal cord injury (SCI) extremely difficult and one of the most formidable challenges for regenerative medicine. So far, there are

Neutrophil extracellular traps initiate gallstone formation

AoS. Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Initiate Gallstone Formation

The presence of gallstones is a highly prevalent, painful, and devastating disease. It is one of the leading causes of hospital admissions worldwide. Super-saturation and precipitation of calcium salts has long been considered the reasons for stones