Tag Archives: injury

Skin versus nerve as a source of cells for the treatment of spinal cord injury

Following injury to the adult human spinal cord spontaneous repair processes fail resulting in life-long functional deficits below the level of injury, which can include paralysis, absent or abnormal sensory perception, chronic pain, and diminished cardiovascular, respiratory,

PACAP expression induced in neuropathic pain is controlled by a splicing of REST/NRSF

Neuropathic pain (NP) is caused by the damage of the nervous system and one of the most common types of intractable pain. It is often severe, persistent, and refractory to available therapies. Although various analgesic has been

Can surgeon operated ultrasound increase the safety of laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic (aka minimally invasive or keyhole) surgery is a modern surgical technique that allows surgeons to perform complex abdominal surgery through much small incisions than conventional “open” surgery. When compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery offers patients

How to lower a risk of being bitten to the face by a dog

Dogs are the most popular pets. They are used for guarding, hunting, and many other purposes. Additionally, dogs are ideal human companions. However, the mutually beneficial relationships between people and dogs are sometimes overshadowed by bites. Among

Revised Baux score and updated Charlson comorbidity index associated with mortality in burn patients

A severe burn injury induces significant systemic physiological imbalances. This may lead to subsequent complications, organ failure and death. In the United Kingdom, severe burn injuries (covering at least 15% of total body) leading to substantial hospitalisation

Specialised vesicle proteins which reduce the development of bacterial lung injury

Lung injury can occur from many stimuli including bacteria, asbestos and trauma. Injury occurs following breakdown of the barrier which lines blood vessels in the lungs. This breakdown forms gaps in lung vessels through which fluid and

Intracranial pressure caused by Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Intracranial aneurysms are acquired or congenital vascular malformation featuring as cerebral arterial enlargement. It’s often described as a “ballooning” of the blood vessel. As arterial lumen enlarges, vessel wall becomes thinner and frail and can eventually break

Chromatin remodeling regulates multiple liver functions

Liver is a one of the largest tissues that has the ability to regenerate itself upon stimulation. The liver also performs a variety of complex functions which support body homeostasis including detoxification and providing essential molecules to

Minimizing injuries from acute myocardial infarction

Reperfusion therapy is currently the mainstay treatment of acute myocardial infarction, as it salvages myocardial cells from ischemic cell death. However, abrupt restoration of coronary blood flow induces another type of cell death called “lethal reperfusion injury,”

Have any changes occurred in type and severity of facial injuries taken by soldiers since 1980s?

With all the recent progress in the weapon industries and the changing face of modern warfare, there is a need for better protection, devices, and education for soldiers in military systems. Assessment of the distribution of war

Renal risk associated with sodium phosphate medication

Sodium phosphate drugs (solutions, tablets or enemas) are used since 1990s as laxatives for bowel cleansing before endoscopy and radiology examination, or occasionally for treatment of severe constipation. Sodium phosphate drugs are low-volume osmotic purgatives, their administration

The management of elderly patients with severe traumatic brain injury

The elderly population is defined by the World Health Organization as those aged over 65 years. Life expectancy has gradually increased but as the population of the elderly has progressively increased so has the incidence of traumatic

Does neuropathic pain restrict the cortical plasticity after spinal cord injury?

Many studies in animals and humans have shown that the brain reacts with some reorganization (called neuro-adaptive processes) to the amputation of limbs and following a spinal cord injury that leaves the patients with severe motor and

Researchers describe “imm-unifying theory” capable of explaining multiple medical problems

About a year ago, investigators at the Shock Trauma Center in Baltimore, MD found that patients who had organ transplants fared quite well after traumatic events. The authors of the manuscript, which was published in the Journal

Muscle activation patterns after anterior cruciate ligament injury

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important ligament in the knee joint. An injury to the ACL typically occurs during dynamic sports activities involving rapid changes of movement direction or landing from jumps, such as basketball,

Insomnia after traumatic brain injury

Work is central to a person’s life, impacting the physical, mental, financial and social health of individuals and communities. It is a powerful determinant of health. For survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI), however, the process of