Tag Archives: patient

The inflamed skin in atopic eczema contributes to the disrupted skin-barrier

Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema or neurodermitis, is a chronic allergic skin disease affecting 15 – 30 % of children and 2 – 10 % of adults in industrialized countries. Patients suffer from inflamed, red

The undiagnosed, untreated key to restoring physical function and health in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by adverse changes in body composition – specifically, reduced muscle mass (MM) and increased fat mass (FM). Indeed, when body composition is assessed (i.e. MM and FM are estimated), significant muscle loss

The future of cross-border patient mobility in the EU

Medical tourism has recently grown at an explosive pace driven by American insurances that offer reductions to policy-holders who are willing to be treated in other countries. In Europe, the number of patients that wants to be

The use of multisite ultrasound in cardiac arrest – the SESAME-protocol

Cardiac arrest is the most critical emergency. The sudden interruption of oxygen supply damages the brain after some minutes. Finding a cause for efficiently fixing the problem is the main target of the frontline physician. Ultrasound is

Bleeding and thrombosis in a patient with primary antiphospholipid syndrome using norethisterone

Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune hypercoagulable state caused by specific antibodies, and it is known to be associated with the occurrence of blood clots, or thrombosis, in the veins and/or arteries.  However bleeding is rarely associated with the syndrome. Only a few cases

The genetic secrets of Uveal Melanoma

Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary cancer occurring in the eyes of adults, with 1/100,000 new cases per year in the Western world. Most patients are between 60 and 65 years old. Although it is a

Erasing atherosclerosis with nanoparticles and near-infrared laser

The advent of nanomedicine and near-infrared (NIR) optics allows the development and design of tools that enhance diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerosis. Clinical application of these technologies is anticipated in the near future. Our trial called NANOM-FIM

Antibiotics: what patients don’t know

Antibiotics are among the most frequently prescribed and precious medicines we have. They cure infections if used correctly but overuse, underuse and usage errors pose risks to patients and the community. Risks include excess side effects, uncured

“Nothing to worry about”? The meaning of a Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) diagnosis for patients put on a disease register

We interviewed a group of people who had been recruited to a trial for people with early stage Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The wider trial was concerned with finding out whether helping people with early stage CKD

Extracorporeal life support in polytraumatized patients

Major trauma is a leading cause of death, in particular amongst young patients, causing more than 5 million victims every year worldwide. Early causes of death (usually related to severe hemorrhage, pulmonary failure, cardiovascular shock or extensive

The factors associated with 30-day hospital readmission rates

When a patient is discharged from a hospital, why might they be re-hospitalized within a month?  Campione et. аl reviewed 3 years of hospital claims data from four states to see which factors within a hospital might

Schistosomiasis infection: is it really diagnosed?

Schistosomiasis, also known as Bilharziazis, has been and remains one of the most common parasitic diseases worldwide. It affects millions of people in the developing world, mainly in Africa. In 1999, the WHO estimated schistosmiasis as the

The new technique for reduction of bilateral mandibular dislocation

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation is an unusual presentation to the emergency department (ED) and may occur in up to 5% of the population during their lifetime. Anterior dislocation is the most common type seen in clinical practice.

Palliative treatment of superior vena cava syndrome with use of stent

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that is caused by compromised venous blood return from the head and upper extremities due to compression and obstruction of the SVC. Respiratory distress, dysphagia, swelling of the

The cellular advantage of using a macrolide for community-acquired pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia has been one of the top ten causes of death in the US over the last 60 years despite the widespread use of antimicrobials.  National guidelines (at idsociety.org) recommend two primary antibiotic regimens – one

Lipids are major players in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting over 36 million people worldwide. Alzheimer’s patients suffer from dementia and memory loss and go through a progressive, irreversible and eventually fatal loss of cognitive functions. When Alois

Palpating the brain with MR Elastography to diagnose normal pressure hydrocephalus

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a treatable cause of dementia that accounts for about 6% of dementia cases. It is a condition of elderly individuals of unknown cause, and is characterized by the presence of excessive fluid

Morgellons disease: the search for a perpetrator

Morgellons disease is a poorly understood skin condition associated with Lyme disease. Patients suffering from the disease often have spontaneously-appearing, slowly-healing skin ulcers and may have crawling or stinging sensations in their skin. They may have one

OrderRex: Doctors who ordered this also ordered…

If your family member was ill and arrived at the hospital, you might expect them to receive a consistently excellent standard of care regardless of where they are and which particular doctor is on shift today. The

Antidepressants associated with falls in Parkinson’s patients

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects mobility and is commonly characterized, in advanced stages of the disease, by instability and falls. Falls are a major reason for hospitalization in Parkinson’s patients and may lead